Wnt/β-catenin signaling in osteoblasts regulates global energy metabolism

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Yao Q, Yu C, Zhang X, Zhang K, Guo J, Song L.

Obesity, diabetes and osteoporosis have become a major public heath burden, and understanding the underlying mechanisms of these pathophysiological process will benefit their treatment. Osteoblast lineage cells in charge of the bone formation have been showed to participate in the whole-body energy metabolism. In this study, we identify that wnt/β-catenin signaling in osteoblasts could regulate global energy metabolism, including glucose homeostasis, fat accumulation and energy expenditure. Mice lacking β-catenin specifically in osteoblasts postnatally exhibit decreased bone mass, increased glucose level, decreased insulin production, decreased fat accumulation and increased energy expenditure. Osteocalcin supplement can rescue the impaired glucose balance by improving insulin production but cannot influence the abnormal fat accumulation and energyexpenditure. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) overexpression exclusively in osteoblasts in β-catenin deletion mice can normalize not only the decreased bone mass but also the decreased fat accumulation and increased energy expenditure.

The effect of β-catenin deletion and OPG overexpression in osteoblasts on global energy metabolism had no relation with inguinal fat browning. These results suggest that the regulation of bone on energy metabolism and fat accumulation is not mediated exclusively by osteocalcin. Our findings may provide a new insight into the regulation of bone on fat accumulation and energy metabolism.


Bone, 23 de enero de 2017


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